We remain open to provide care for your pets. We are following the direction of government and regulatory authorities and have implemented hospital and visit protocols to keep both you and our team safe. For regular updates on our hours and visit protocols, please follow our social media platforms.

Canine Kennel Cough

We’re all used to our dogs barking and making some other “affectionate” sounds to get our attention. With that being said, coughing is not one of the sounds that we would want to hear from our beloved furry friend.

Canine kennel cough is one of the most common causes of acute/sudden respiratory disease in dogs. Other names for kennel cough are canine tracheobronchitis, canine upper respiratory complex, or canine infectious respiratory disease.

It is important to know that several viral and bacterial organisms are associated with kennel cough and that one or more organisms may be present in each affected dog. Bacterial organisms include Bordetella bronchiseptica, Mycoplasma sp., Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidermicus. Viral causes include canine distemper (CDV), canine parainfluenza (CPIV), canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2), canine influenza (CIV), canine herpesvirus (CHV), canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV), pantropic canine coronavirus, canine reovirus, and canine pneumovirus (CnPnV).

Kennel cough can be transmitted through the dog’s contact with aerosolized respiratory secretions, dog to dog contact and via contaminated surfaces/materials (please note that this can include your personal items such as clothes, shoes!). Exposure to high-stress, high-density environments (e.g. shelter, veterinary hospital, kennel, grooming facility, dog park, dog show or other competition) can play an important role in disease transmission. Depending on the pathogen involved, the time it takes from exposure to kennel cough organism to the first manifestation of clinical signs is 2-10 days (average is 2-3 days).

Clinical signs are typically mild for kennel cough may include the following:

  • Coughing (may be high-pitched and hacking)
  • Sneezing
  • Eye and nasal discharge
  • Retching and gagging

In severe cases, fever, lethargy, anorexia and breathing difficulties can be observed.

Coping with kennel cough as a pet owner involves different aspects. As pet owners, there are several things that we can consider in order to deal with kennel cough:

Vaccination – important preventative measure. Vaccines are available for CPIV, CDV, CAV-2, CIV, and B. bronchiseptica. It is important to note that vaccines do not exist for some pathogens that are responsible for kennel cough. Also, vaccination does not produce complete immunity against kennel cough (the only exception is CDV), and that vaccinated dogs can still become infected and shed kennel cough. The advantage of being vaccinated for kennel cough though is that usually, dogs who have been vaccinated manifest milder clinical signs.

Environmental management – affected patients should be isolated. It is recommended to wait for a minimum of 10 days after cessation of clinical signs before letting your dog resume socializing activities. Environmental disinfection can be considered as almost all kennel cough pathogens (except CAV-2) are readily susceptible to routine disinfectants (eg. Bleach) as long as surfaces are thoroughly cleaned, a minimum of 10-minute contact time is observed, and the areas are dried thoroughly after. Other things to consider in order to help decrease kennel cough transmission are adequate ventilation, minimizing stress, reducing overcrowding, and reducing stay at a kennel/shelter environment.

As mentioned earlier, most cases of kennel cough are mild and should resolve within ten days. Medical intervention is usually considered for the complicated/severe cases, and of course, a veterinarian’s role will be vital in determining the best course of treatment.

Written by: Raymond Reboja, DVM

Resources:
Veterinary Information Network

Category:

Blog

How to help injured and orphaned wild animals

Below are a few suggestions should you come across injured or orphaned wildlife.  First, you need to determine if the wild animal is indeed injured or abandoned without putting yourself in harm’s way. Try not to have too much contact with the animal or to disturb the surroundings. If you are unsure, it is best that you leave it be and call a wildlife specialist to notify them about the animal and its location. Certain animals like rabbits and deer often leave their young alone for long periods throughout the day. If it appears healthy and well, do not disturb the animal. 

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COVID-19: Additional measures we are taking

Dear Clients,

Due to the close contact that our work requires, we have taken additional measures to protect you and our team while providing care for your furry family members.

The following changes are effective as of Wednesday, March 18, 2020:

1. We are currently operating a "closed waiting room" policy to protect our clients and staff. Please call 204-269-8162 when you arrive for your appointment or ring the doorbell, and one of our staff members will meet you at the hospital entrance to admit your pet for their exam. Once the veterinarian has finished the exam, we will call to discuss our recommended treatment plan.

2. We are continuing to accept 2 routine appointments per day, per doctor, but priority will be given to urgent or sick pets, as well as time-sensitive puppy/kitten vaccinations. If you're unsure whether your pet needs medical attention, please call us to discuss your situation.

3. We are still OPEN with the following hours:
- Monday to Thursday 7:30 am - 8:00 pm
- Friday 7:30 am - 6:00 pm
- Saturday 8:00 am - 5:00 pm
- Sunday 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

4. If you are ordering food or medications, please allow 2-4 business days as our suppliers are dealing with increased demand and are trying to fill orders as quickly as possible. We will advise you as soon as your order arrives. Please call us when you arrive to pick up your order, but do not enter the hospital. Our staff will bring your order to your car. You can also use our online store and have your food delivered directly to your home. To sign up for the Online Store, visit our website.

5. For the time being, we are not accepting cash as payment. Credit cards and debit card payments are still available.

6. Following the recommendations of our government and medical experts, we are doing our best to practice social distancing within the constraints of our jobs. We have taken these measures to avoid both contracting and facilitating the spread of this disease.

Thank you for helping us be diligent for everyone's safety. As we have heard from all levels of government, the situation is fluid, and any updates will be provided as changes occur.

- Your dedicated team at Centennial Animal Hospital