Gingivitis: a medical term referring to inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is associated with poor oral hygiene and is the inflammatory reaction to bacteria introduced by plaque biofilm. Left unchecked, a bacterial infection of the gingiva can lead to bone loss around the tooth (periodontal disease).
Stomatitis: refers to general inflammation of all the mucus membranes in the mouth. Stomatitis is most likely caused by an over-reaction response in the body to the bacterial biofilm. It can involve the gums, tongue, inner surface of the lips, and the roof and sides of the mouth. Chronic gingivitis, accompanied by stomatitis, is a problem that affects cats of any age and breed. The disease is chronic with intermittent flare-ups and fails to respond to a variety of therapeutic treatments permanently.
Presenting signs include drooling, bad breath, difficulty swallowing, not wanting to eat and weight loss.
Treatment is symptomatic and seldom completely successful. Teeth cleaning, debridement of necrotic tissues and extraction of loose teeth are the first, important steps. Antibiotics can temporarily provide relief.
Most cats have an excellent response to the extraction of all premolar and molar teeth in which they can leave healthy and painless lives.
If you have any questions, give us a call at 204.269.8162.
Written by: Ada, RVT